Carruthers are an ancient Clan of the western March of the Anglo-Scottish borders.
Scotland: Scottish Gaelic-Alba, is a country that was independent until the Unification of the Crowns. By inheritance in 1603, James VI, King of Scots also became King of England and King of Ireland, thus forming a personal union of three kingdoms. Scotland subsequently entered into a political Union with England on 1 May 1707. This created the new Kingdom of Great Britain.
It shares a border with England to the south, and is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, The Irish Sea and the North Channel. In addition to the mainland, the country is made up of more than 790 islands, including the northern Isles and the Hebrides.
Annandale, Dumfriesshire, birth-place of Clan Carruthers, lies in the south of Scotland, bounded on the north by the counties of Lanark, Peebles, and Selkirk, on the east by Roxburghshire and part of the English county of Cumberland, on the south by the Solway Firth and on the west, by the county of Ayr and the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright.
An old map showing the areas that the Border Reiver Clans/Families lived
Carruthers descend from an ancient Briton tribe from the region of the old kingdom of Strathclyde. They were Border Reivers (Riding Family, Graynes) and were part of what was considered as the finest light Cavalry in Europe at the time. As well as being Reivers, which was the way of life in the borders at that time, they were respected land owners and minor nobility who advised to the Scottish Crown on occasions.
Parishes of Dumfrieshire
The Carruthers listed lands were situated in the West March of Scotland which included Dumfriesshire and covered the ancient areas of: Mouswald, Holmains, Wormanbie, Dormont, Rammerscales, Denbie, Portrack, Isle, Dyke, Butterquhat, Nether Denbie, Over Denbie, Braes, Woodhead, Woodfoot, Milne, Nutholm, Guileburn, Hardriggs, Brydegill, Alison Bank, Langholm, Kinnell Hall, Macmaw, Breconsyde, Breckonhill, Broomhills, Barrow.
Amongst others, Carruthers lands also included whole areas as well as parcels of land in: 1) Annan, 6) Cummertrees, 7) Dalton, 8) Dornock, 9) Dryfesdale, 18) Hoddam , 28) Langholm, 29, Lochmaben 30) Middlebie, 31) Moffat, 42) Wamphray. (Records of the Carruthers Family, Carruthers & Reid)